A new global threat: where can you get monkeypox?

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A new global threat: where can you get monkeypox?

A new global threat: where can you get monkeypox?

Monkeypox cases have become more frequent in the world. In the United States, a case was confirmed in an American returning from Nigeria. In the past 10 years, a rare disease has been recorded more often than in the previous 40. Where it can be infected and whether it can be treated, MIR 24 TV channel told the chief researcher of the National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology. Gamalei, Doctor of Medical Sciences Viktor Zuev.

– How dangerous is this disease? How do you recognize it?

Viktor Zuev: Last year marked the 40th anniversary of the global victory over smallpox, and ten years earlier, the United States celebrated the 30th anniversary of this event, which was reflected both at the World Health Assembly, and at the meeting of the special International Symposium, the opening ceremony of the smallpox eradication monument in front of the WHO building.

In our country, these dates have not received proper coverage, although our country is not only the initiator of the very idea of global smallpox eradication, but also an active participant – a large number of virologists and epidemiologists, which, of course, would deserve a lot of attention. Already in 2010, the problem of monkeypox was considered. A special session was devoted to this topic, chaired by our famous virologist, Professor Svetlana Sergeevna Marennikova, with whom I had the honor to work for many years. Monkeypox in its properties is similar to natural. They are caused by large viruses. Smallpox is a constant threat to the inhabitants of Central and West Africa.

A new global threat: where can you get monkeypox?

A new global threat: where can you get monkeypox?

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    FOLLOWING

    – Can the infection occur from person to person?

    Viktor Zuev: Yes, from person to person. Smallpox of monkeys has a significant difference from natural. We know the variola virus is purely human. At the same time, the monkeypox virus infects not only great apes, but also such mammals as rats, mice, squirrels (they very often infect people), rabbits, American meadow dogs.

    – The first symptoms are fever, itching?

    Viktor Zuev: These are general symptoms. Fever is a common symptom for an infectious disease, and sometimes not only an infectious one. Since this is smallpox, it is necessarily a skin lesion. This brings them together not only in name, but also in the clinical manifestations that they cause. This is the insidiousness of monkeypox.

    – A person, not understanding what is wrong with him, may well infect other people and pets?

    Viktor Zuev: We have just listed them – mammals. In addition, now my colleagues who participated in the smallpox eradication campaign are watching with tension how the importation of a case of monkeypox into the United States will end, given that the infected person has traveled quite a long way, being not only in incubation, but also with clinical manifestations. This makes the sanitary and epidemiological services of the country tense up.

    – Cases in the United States, Britain and Africa have made monkeypox a priority for epidemiological surveillance. Can the disease penetrate into Russia?

    Viktor Zuev: I will not console you and I will not frighten you. The truth is that you have to pay for everything in this life, including the joys of civilization that we enjoy. The only thing that can be hidden from our eyes and from our understanding is the possible reservoirs of animals, which are also capable of becoming infected and maintain the persistence of this virus in their bodies, that is, its long-term preservation.

    We must especially activate our southern borders, because our activity in relation to movement around the world is growing, and this is a natural process. If a new disease is discovered, it is impossible to immediately lock up all cordons, especially since this virus has not yet come across on our territory.

    – If a tourist is planning a trip to Africa, what precautions should you take to protect yourself from monkeypox?

    Viktor Zuev: It is imperative to get all the vaccinations that are offered for those sent to Africa, we must try not to get into a situation where contact with monkeys can take place. There is no need to go to the forests, to those places where monkeys may not even be in their natural habitat, you do not need to go to those places where monkeys can be with someone, you must strictly monitor this.

    Second. Given that the monkeypox virus is transmitted not only to chimpanzees, but also to a number of mammals, you need to carefully monitor your diet and your movement in places that can be dangerous. You do not need to walk in the countryside where these animals may be, you do not need to contact people you do not know, who can also be from the countryside and go to the jungle, communicate not only with small mammals, but also with monkeys.

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