An ancient mass grave was found in the Novosibirsk region, the age of which is about 5000 years. All bodies were decapitated before burial, writes The Siberian Times with reference to Vyacheslav Molodin, head of the department of archeology of paleometals of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the SB RAS, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
It is noted that the grave was two-tier – three people were buried on the upper tier, and two on the lower. The bodies lay in jacks, their heads were cut off. According to Molodin, such a burial ritual is typical of the Odinovo culture, whose representatives were shepherds and herders. “The cult of the head or skull, which was clearly among this population. A large number of Odin's graves have been studied, about 300. They sometimes have a burial without heads, ”the scientist explained.
A married couple discovered in the grave was buried in a birch bark cocoon, which was set on fire before burial. On the shoulder of the woman was also found a clay figurine in a mask of horse vertebrae, depicting the face of a bear. A hole was made in the “belly” of the figurine, in which a copper plate and some organic matter lay. Scientists have to find out its origin using chemical analysis. The presence of a figurine in the grave suggests that the buried woman was of unusual origin.