Egyptologists put together a torn 2300 year old scroll of the Book of the Dead
Modern technology has helped scientists to restore the torn scroll of the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead. The age of this artifact is 2300 years, according to Live Science.
One fragment of the scroll was kept in a museum at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Institutional staff digitized it and entered it into an open-access online database.
Representatives of the Getty Research Institute in Los Angeles looked at this image and compared it to their own part of the scroll. The experts compared the digital images with each other, and it turned out that they are parts of the same historical document.
There is a small “gap” between them, but the reunited text looks meaningful, including the spell inscribed in hieroglyphs. This dispelled the last doubts of scientists.
“It's amazing to be able to put the pieces together remotely,” said Egyptian art expert Alison Griffith.
Both fragments are covered in hieratic or cursive script, as well as hieroglyphs that depict scenes and spells from the Book of the Dead. Among them: butchers, cutting bulls for sacrifice, four porters, a funeral boat with sisters-goddesses Isis and Nephthys on both sides; and a man pulling a cart depicting Anubis, the jackal-headed god of the dead.
Archaeologists have found different versions of the texts of the Book of the Dead. The earliest example is from the tomb of Unas, the last ruler of the Fifth Dynasty (2465 – 2325 BC). The hieroglyphs were embossed on the wall. Later, texts began to be written on parchment and wrapped around mummies.
Scientists were able to establish that the connected fragments were created for a person named Petosiris. But the full text has not yet been restored. It also remains unknown why the papyrus was torn into many pieces.
Earlier it was reported that the boat of Pharaoh Cheops was dug at the foot of the Great Pyramid. She is about five thousand years old.