Most Ukrainians are positive about the collapse of the Soviet Union. However, there is still a certain percentage who are nostalgic for the USSR.
The majority of Ukrainians in all regions (73%) positively assessed the collapse of the Soviet Union. While close 12% evaluate this historical event negatively, and 15% have not decided on their attitude.
The collapse of the Soviet Union
This is evidenced by the results of a survey by the Ilko Kucheriv Foundation for Democratic Initiatives.
In the west of Ukraine, the largest proportion of those who positively assess the collapse of the USSR (92%), in the Center and in the East of the country – 71% yes 65%< /strong> respectively, the least – in the South (48%). In the South and East of Ukraine, there are relatively more people who negatively assess the collapse of the USSR (23% yes 20% respectively), and in the South a significant number of citizens do not have an unambiguous opinion on this matter ( >29%).
Note that in 2020, about 32% “yearned” for the USSR, and positively assessed the collapse of this historical formation 49%. In the Southern and Eastern regions, a negative assessment of the collapse of the USSR prevailed.
In the South and East, as of 2020, there were significant age differences. Among the younger respondents in these regions, there were slightly more positive assessments of the collapse of the USSR, as well as many who did not have a clear opinion. Among the older generation in the Southern and Eastern regions, the longing for the USSR was inexpressible.
Condemnation of the USSR
On the issue of assessing the collapse of the USSR, as well as in many future questions, there is a difference between groups of respondents with different languages of everyday communication and different material conditions.
Among those who speak Russian in everyday life, a positive assessment of the collapse of the USSR also dominates, but among them there are almost 20% more people who miss the USSR than among Ukrainian-speaking respondents. The same trend applies to people with a lower material status relative to better-off respondents.
About 73% of Ukrainians approve of the state decision to condemn the USSR as a communist totalitarian regime that pursued a policy of state terror. This opinion dominates in all regions that do not agree with this no more than 14% (about 14% in the South and 12% in the East).
Poll results/Screenshot< /em>
The survey was conducted by the Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation together with the sociological service of the Razumkov Center with the support of the MATRA program from December 13 to 21, 2022.
2018 took part in it respondents over the age of 18. The theoretical sampling error does not exceed 2.3%. At the same time, additional systematic deviations of the sample may be due to the consequences of Russian aggression, in particular, the forced evacuation of millions of citizens.