Israeli scientist finds the key to the mystery of the Dead Sea scrolls

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Israeli scientist finds the key to the mystery of the Dead Sea scrolls

Israeli scientist finds the key to the mystery of the Dead Sea scrolls

Dr. Daniel Weinstub of Ben-Gurion University claims to have found the key to the mystery of the Qumran manuscripts. The scrolls, which are about two thousand years old, have been found in caves around the Dead Sea (hence the other name – the Dead Sea Scrolls), reports Religions .

They date from the 3rd century BC to the 1st century AD and contain religious texts. It is still unknown who wrote them. There are other questions: why archaeologists have found in Qumran only the ruins of public buildings, and not residential buildings; Why is there a huge number of earthen jugs and ritual baths left in the place where several dozen people lived?

The author of the new study proposed his theory. He noted that the area was closely associated with the Essenes (the Jewish sect), but they did not live there permanently, but gathered for the annual celebration of the “acceptance of the covenant.”

According to the scientist, both the excavation data and the texts support this assumption. The ceremony itself was probably described in a medieval document from the Cairo geniza (a place to store worn-out religious texts). This is a Damascus document copied from an earlier source from 1000 BC.

The manuscript says that “all [the inhabitants] must gather in the third month and curse anyone who deviates to the right [or left of] the Torah.” The meetings took place at a certain time, the month of Sivan, on which the holiday of Shavuot falls. The scholar found a parallel to this ceremony with Deuteronomy. In chapters 27-28, Moses instructed the Israelites on how to conduct divine ceremonies of blessing and cursing on the mountains of Ebal and Garizim after they enter the promised land.

Weinstub came to the conclusion that the Essenes, who once a year gathered together for a religious festival, were the real scroll-makers. He did not rule out that Qumran could have been originally built for this very purpose. People did not need permanent dwellings in this place. They slept on the ground or in caves, where they later found mysterious manuscripts.

“My theory is also consistent with the fact that the scrolls did not necessarily originate from Qumran, but rather were brought to caves from all over the country and remained in caves for decades,” the scientist noted.

Note that the scrolls are also studied using modern technology. So, artificial intelligence was attracted for research.

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