Plans for manned flights to the Moon and mission to Mars approved at a meeting with Putin
At a meeting held on Cosmonautics Day with Russian President Vladimir Putin, plans for manned flights of Russian cosmonauts to the Moon, as well as a mission to Mars, were approved. This was reported on the air of the Russia-1 TV channel.
Roscosmos was informed that since 2010, Russia has been developing a transport and energy complex with a nuclear power propulsion system for flights into deep space. Earlier, within the framework of the Nuclon project, the first elements of the Zeus space tug with a nuclear power plant were manufactured.
In 2020, Roscosmos signed a contract worth 4.2 billion rubles for the development of a preliminary design for a tug – the completion of the work is scheduled for July 2024. First, the tug is planned to be used to explore the moon. In the future, with the help of the apparatus, flights to Venus and Jupiter will be carried out.
The first mission to the moon in the modern history of Russia is scheduled for 2021. The Luna-25 lander will continue the work of the Luna-24 spacecraft launched by the Soviet Union in 1976. It is planned that “Luna-25” will start on October 1, 2021 from the Vostochny cosmodrome. Approximately 10 days later, the station should make a soft landing in the vicinity of the south pole of the moon.
Also in 2022, it is planned to send a second joint Russian-European mission to Mars. Initially, the flight was planned for 2018, however, due to technical unavailability, the mission was postponed to 2020, and the coronavirus pandemic pushed the timeline to the next convenient “window” in 2022. According to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Yuri Borisov, after 2025 it is also planned to abandon the use of the ISS and create its own orbital station.
Previously, analysts calculated how much a modern astronaut's weekly diet costs, provided that it is based on the consumption of 3,200 kcal. To calculate the average price for an “astronaut's basket”, we used Roscosmos data and food prices in more than 60 retail chains.