Scientists have recreated the faces of ancient Egyptian mummies

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Scientists have recreated the faces of ancient Egyptian mummies

The faces of three men who lived in Ancient Egypt about two thousand years ago were able to recreate thanks to DNA samples extracted from their mummies. This is stated in the article of the scientific portal Live Science. This is the first case in history of a successful reconstruction of the appearance using such an ancient genetic material.

According to scientists, these men died at the age of 25 between 1380 BC and 425 AD. Their mummies discovered the ancient Egyptian city of Abusir el-Melek, located south of Cairo.

Egyptian DNA was isolated back in 2017 by scientists from the Max Planck Institute in Germany. Now employees of the American DNA technology company Parabon NanoLabs have created 3D models of mummy faces, based on genetic data. The researchers applied DNA phenotyping technology, with the help of which they were able to restore facial features and other physical characteristics of people.

As a result of the work, the scientists found that all three men had light brown skin, dark eyes and hair. At the same time, genetically they turned out to be closer to the modern inhabitants of the Mediterranean and the Middle East than to the modern Egyptians.

Previously, scientists were interested in a mysterious mummy from Pompeii. The mummified remains of the priest were found in the crypt of the Porta Sarno necropolis in the east of the island. Buried was Mark Venerius Secundio, a 60-year-old freedman. His burial is a mystery to scientists. Traditions of that time assumed the burning of remains on a funeral pyre – an exception was made only for children. However, the skeleton of Marcus Secundio is one of the best preserved in the history of excavations in Pompeii.

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