The beginning of satellite communications in Kazakhstan: KazSat-1 was launched 15 years ago

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The beginning of satellite communications in Kazakhstan: KazSat-1 was launched 15 years ago

The beginning of satellite communications in Kazakhstan: KazSat-1 was launched 15 years ago

15 years ago, the first Kazakhstan geostationary satellite KazSat-1 was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome. It was developed by Russian scientists. Now the country independently provides the need for satellite communications, Asel Rusalieva reports.

“Telephone exchanges used to be decade-step, so there is a well-known dialer here. You can talk like on the phone, but moving around some territory. “

Every step that brought scientists closer to space, Victor Lefter remembers in detail. He is a doctor of technical sciences, built the first ground-based space communications center in the republic. From here 15 years ago, scientists watched the launch of the KazSat-1 satellite from the Baikonur cosmodrome. He had to provide the whole Kazakhstan with a signal.

“This apparatus was produced by the Khrunichev State Research and Production Center. Unfortunately, this device worked for less than a year and went into failure. The onboard computer failed. This happens, unfortunately. This hardware tends to fail, because the space environment is a very negative situation, ”explained Viktor Lefter, advisor to the President of the Republican Center for Space Communications.

The beginning of satellite communications in Kazakhstan: KazSat-1 was launched 15 years ago

The beginning of satellite communications in Kazakhstan: KazSat-1 was launched 15 years ago

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    FOLLOWING

    Later, analogs were assembled in Russia – satellites KazSat-2 and KazSat-3. These vehicles are still in orbit.

    “The last satellite of the KazSat-3 series is modern, it covers the entire territory of Kazakhstan with a confident high-quality signal, which allows subscribers to receive a signal on small plates with diameters of 0.6-0.9 meters,” said the director of the Almaty branch of the national satellite TV and radio broadcasting network of Kazteleradio JSC Kairat Baerkenov.

    The devices in the ground center are monitored around the clock. The equipment is state-of-the-art. The satellites are located at a distance of 39 thousand kilometers from the Earth. Each one transmits up to 8000 parameters per day.

    “16 operators work with us. Also, our services are used by government agencies, law enforcement agencies, the national guard. That is, all government agencies where mobile communications are required, where rapid deployment is required, ”said Shokan Svoguzov, Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Republican Center for Space Communications.

    Kazakhstan also has a Earth remote sensing system. The devices take pictures from space in the highest resolution. A digital map of the republic has been created.

    “Kazakhstan fully provided itself, its needs for satellite communications, thereby ensuring information independence from any other countries, import substitution only on communication satellites. This is about 30 billion tenge per year. That is, we are no longer dependent on foreign satellite operators, ”stressed Meirbek Moldabekov, academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan.

    In the near future, Kazakhstan plans to create and launch a satellite of its own design. An assembly and testing complex has been built specifically for this in the capital.

    Cellular communication in Kazakhstan is used by 16 million subscribers. Due to the development of its space communications, the cost of services is reduced, the country is in the top ten states with cheap mobile Internet.

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