The second feat of Gagarin: under the burden of unearthly glory, the first cosmonaut retained the best human qualities

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The second feat of Gagarin: under the burden of unearthly glory, the first cosmonaut retained the best human qualities

The second feat of Gagarin: under the burden of unearthly glory, the first cosmonaut retained the best human qualities

The word “satellite” is known in the world as well as “Gagarin”. The world will remember the name of the first cosmonaut of the planet, as well as his famous smile. The correspondent of the TV channel “MIR 24” Maxim Krasotkin was convinced of this.

When the Vostok ship flew somewhere over Africa, a TASS message was broadcast on the radio. The news of the first manned flight into space disrupted a working day in the Soviet Union.

“What happened in the city, I can only compare with May 9, Victory Day. Nobody prepared this holiday, because it was secret, ”recalls Boris Volynov, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, cosmonaut, friend of Yuri Gagarin.

Volynov is the last of the first cosmonaut corps. Preparing for the flight with Gagarin, later was his floor neighbor. In the Air Force in 1961, there was no more secret unit. Even from the record book of Yuri Gagarin, the Ministry of Defense has removed the stamp only now. It turns out that the cosmonaut was not an excellent student at the academy: he had difficulty in higher mathematics, physics and a foreign language. Before the flight, even the face of the first cosmonaut was a state secret, but the day after landing his photographs were placed on the front pages of all the central newspapers. But in the regional small circulation the image of the cosmonaut depended on the imagination of the artists. In the publication “Soviet Mordovia” he was portrayed as a stern combat pilot.

The second feat of Gagarin: under the burden of unearthly glory, the first cosmonaut retained the best human qualities

The second feat of Gagarin: under the burden of unearthly glory, the first cosmonaut retained the best human qualities

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    FOLLOWING

    “There was such warmth from him, from his charming smile. I don't even know how to describe it, ”says Anatoly Pekarsky, in 1961 an air defense serviceman.

    “He always had a smile on his face, always. The physiognomy is set, as they say, well, ”the former secretary of the Komsomol Central Committee, a friend of Yuri Gagarin, Abdurakhman Vezirov, echoes him.

    The candidates for this flight had strict requirements: excellent health, height no higher than 170 cm and weight no more than 72 kilograms. This is all due to the characteristics of the ship and the carrying capacity of the rocket. Gagarin fit in all respects. But there was something else in him that made Nikolai Kamanin and Sergei Korolev choose him. Smile.

    “Korolyov was not only a brilliant scientist, but a brilliant psychologist and diplomat. He realized that he needed a man who, after returning from space flight to Earth, would become the face of the Soviet Union. A friendly, open, cheerful face. Who knows how to speak and win over people. Therefore, he chose Gagarin, ”explained Andrei Vavilov, in 1961 the translator of Yuri Gagarin.

    For this flight, in addition to the title of Hero, Gagarin was awarded a prize of 15 thousand rubles, keys to a four-room apartment, fully furnished, a Volga car, two sets of military uniforms, a pair of civilian coats and suits, two hats, six shirts and ties, 12 handkerchiefs , six pairs of underwear, one electric shaver and two suitcases. They also fully clothed his entire family, and a new house was built for his parents.

    The first cosmonaut often traveled around the world in the front door – the situation was binding. He represented his country. And he became the most recognizable person on the planet. When the Italian actress Gina Lollobrigida, who came to the Moscow film festival, was asked by the organizers who she would like to meet, they expected to hear the name of Khrushchev. But she chose Gagarin.

    Even the Queen of Great Britain could not resist his smile, and invited him to her palace. Although the first cosmonaut of the Earth flew only for a meeting with the British trade union of foundry workers.

    “But our ambassador pours wine to Gagarin. Moreover, the ambassador said: only I will pour, I will not allow anyone. “

    Andrei Vavilov was Gagarin's translator when he came to India. An employee of the Soviet embassy took a movie camera with him, so these unique shots have come down to us, which have never been shown on television. For example, for the first time in his life an astronaut is swimming in the ocean. It was a beach somewhere in the suburbs of Bombay. We stopped there because there were no people on it: Gagarin was not given a pass.

    “When we were in Bombay, a flock of 15 most beautiful Indian actresses surrounded him at the film studio. They all went to shake hands, kissing was not accepted. I think Valentina understood that these were the costs of their new status – such female attention, ”recalls Andrei Vavilov.

    The religious Hindus perceived the man who circled the globe as a deity, which at first frightened the first astronaut.

    “People change when they see a very famous person. Some start to worry, some try to touch, especially in the East. You have touched it, and it is as if you are receiving a part of his strength and aura. Some, especially the lower castes, this was especially in India, tried to touch his shoes. This is a sign of great reverence, ”Vavilov explained.

    Gagarin himself was restrained about his popularity and perceived foreign tours as work. He could only be himself with his family.

    “My mother-in-law lived and my mother came to visit. It was a hockey match. They both watched hockey, were sick. Yura enters, rang the bell, came in. And he just came from Japan, was on a business trip. He says: now, one second. He went back to his place, brought a beautiful color TV. Colored, Japanese, nobody saw it then. We turned off the black and white, put this TV on and watched together, we were so grateful. Here is Yuri, here is his essence, ”said Boris Volynov.

    The first astronaut was fascinated by the views of the Earth from the porthole, and the whole planet was delighted with his feat, which he performed with a smile. Yuri Gagarin is still the most recognizable person on the planet. Streets are named after him, and there are monuments to him even in Greece, Germany and Great Britain.

    The monument to Yuri Gagarin in Star City is the only one in the world that has not been signed. Because everyone here already knows who it is. Traditionally, after each flight, the crews lay flowers on it. And the first cosmonaut of the Earth, according to the idea of the sculptor, holds a chamomile behind his back. The plot is taken from life: every morning after a run, Yuri Gagarin brought his wife a flower. Such was the unearthly love.

    Yuri Gagarin is back in space. 60 years later. The Soyuz MS-18 spacecraft was named after him, which brought the next expedition to the space station.

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