US transfers Abrams tanks to Ukraine: main characteristics and features

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US transfers Abrams tanks to Ukraine: main characteristics and features

On the evening of January 25, US President Joe Biden announced his decision to provide Ukraine with M1 Abrams tanks. This is a third-generation technique that Washington used in numerous operations, in particular in the Middle East.

Ukraine will receive 31 tanks from the United States Channel 24 has collected everything you know about the M1 Abrams tanks that Washington handed over to the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

The main characteristics of the M1 Abrams tank

  • The tank is equipped with depleted uranium-reinforced multilayer anti-projectile composite armor.
  • The main armament of the tank is a 105 mm M68 rifled tank gun. It can accommodate up to 55 rounds.
  • The secondary armament is one M2NV 12.7mm heavy machine gun and two M240 7.62mm machine guns.
  • The Abrams is equipped with two six-barreled smoke launchers grenade for disguise.
  • The tank is powered by a Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fuel gas turbine engine with a capacity of 1,120 kilowatts. The volume of the fuel tank is 1,900 liters.
  • The speed of the tank on the highway reaches 72 kilometers per hour. In medium terrain, the speed is up to 48 kilometers.
  • The Abrams tank was adopted in classic NATO colors – dark green and black. However, for operations in desert areas, these vehicles were repainted to match the color of sand in pale brown.
  • The tank is also equipped with a gas fire extinguishing system in the crew compartment.
  • The ammunition compartment is insulated.
  • The tank is equipped with a ballistic fire control system;
  • The crew – 4 people;
  • Weight, depending on modifications, ranges from 57 to 61 tons.
  • The cost of one tank ranges from 6 to 9 million dollars.

The Abrams tank has a number of modifications, the most modern of which is the M1A2 SEPv3, which is equipped with a new generation of NGAP armor and updated communications and software equipment and can use airburst projectiles. This modification also received a Trophy active protection complex for destroying enemy shells on approach.

M1 Abrams tanks and participation in US military operations

M1 tanks Abrams entered service in 1980. Washington has used this technique in all operations since the 1990s. For example, during Operation Desert Storm in 1991, when allied forces led by the United States in the Persian Gulf against Iraq, which occupied Kuwait. This operation was authorized by the UN.

The tanks were also used during the war in Iraq, which began in 2003 with the aim of overthrowing the regime of dictator Saddam Hussein.

The American army also used these tanks and during operations in Afghanistan and Yemen. Now Abrams is in service with Australia, Canada, Iraq, Kuwait, Morocco and Saudi Arabia, and in April 2022, Poland signed a contract with the United States for 4.75 billion dollars for the supply of 250 of these tanks.

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